Even if you say"beard", there are"Beard","cheek beard","beak beard" and so on.In English, it means"Baird","whisker","mustache", and in Chinese characters it means"beard","beard"and"beard".Now it has become a symbol of individuality and a symbol of fashion, but in the past it was different from the present.Because it is a thing only for men that women do not have, that history can be said to be the history of men.I would like to unravel the history of the beard along with the history of my own theory.
From birth to the introduction of Buddhism
First of all, the story of prehistoric times.I can imagine that the beards of those days were not a thing of style.
If the beard began to grow gracefully, it would have been living as an adult.However, since the average life expectancy would have been short in this era, it would be a subtle place such as the beard symbolizing adults like modern times.However, considering from the life at that time, it seems that the beard was a parasite and the existence of such as getting in the way when eating.Stone tools excavated in various places may have been cut off rather than shaved as a substitute for the current razor.This can be said to apply to the Neolithic, Jomon and Yayoi periods.Also, in the process of human and beard evolution, Mongoloids who have moved to cold regions have a process of degenerating their beards because their beards freeze and become frostbite.
In the Asuka period, razors were brought to Japan from the continent along with the introduction of Buddhism.From around this time, people began to shave their beards, but it seems that razors were not generally used as a tool.It seems that they used tools from the time, such as small swords.In addition, it seems that the method of trimming by pulling out with the"kesshiki"which was transmitted from China at the time was also common.
From the Muromachi period to the Edo shogunate
In the Muromachi period, the hairstyle at that time?It is said that the person who used the Razor for the first time when shaving the tsukidai was Oda Nobunaga.
However, in general, the razor was still expensive, so the common people were doing the monthly fee with a tweezer-it seems painful.At that time, it was common for court nobles to not wear a beard, but some officials wore a beard called"wig beard"to enhance their dignity.Samurai families also pulled out their beards and shaped them to enhance their dignity.At this time, it seems that the beard was often kept because of the convenience of the cord.
In the Warring States period, beards began to be admired as a symbol of strength.In particular, the big beard was often preferred by warlords of the time, such as"beard man".It is said that even that Toyotomi Hideyoshi made a beard.By growing a beard, it makes the impression of the viewer feel terrible, and in addition, by hiding the complexion, one side of the beard that makes it difficult to see the true intention was preferred in the era.
And, as the world gradually settled, it is said that the beard began to be shaved with a razor from the work of pulling out generally.In the era of jokyo Genroku (１５５０～１１０４), beards became popular among the common people.In a sense, it was more enthusiastic than the present day, and people with thin beards attached "tsukuri-beards," which were made by adding pine fat, and even those who drew beards on their faces with ink.The trend of the beards gradually escalated, and there appeared a splendid type, called Kama-beards, and it can be imagined that the town at that time was overflowing with various beards.
Tokugawa Shogunate who considered this epidemic as "harm"issued a prohibition"big beard ban" prohibiting that other than the old man to keep the beard in the １１１ Year １ １５ １５ year.In the end, it was a thorough punishment, and from the Edo period, the beards, which were magnificent from Samurai, disappeared.
From the Meiji period to modern times
In the Meiji period, the trend of civilization and enlightenment occurred and Western culture began to permeate, and it became fashionable to grow a beard again to the common people.In the early Meiji period, the beard extended to officials, academics, teachers, and people in dignified occupations and positions at that time.Unlike the Warring States period,it was devised not only to grow a beard but also to fit the face of the person.
The Russo-Japanese War, the World War, and Japan will also enter an era of upheaval, but ironically, the beard will become even more prominent here as a symbol of dignity.At that time, among military personnel,"kaisel beard"imitating the German Emperor Wilhelm ２ is in vogue.
And even after the end of the war, the beard is still a symbol of dignity and style, and is favored by cultural and business people.On the other hand, during the period of high economic growth, the tendency among salaried workers and other people working at the company to ban beards became stronger and gradually disappeared.
The bubble era is coming to an end, and the era of individualism, which can be said to be a result-oriented economy, is coming to an end.In today's Japan, young people and baby boomers who supported the period of high economic growth are seeing signs of the trend of beards.This is different from the Warring States period and of course from the Meiji period beard, it is the beginning of a new beard money.